DICTIONARY


JEANS

A style of pants manufactured by diagonal-weave cotton fabric and usually dyed with indigo.

The official birth date of the pants is considered to be May 20, 1873,

when Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis were granted the US patent for their riveted pants.

FIVE POCKET JEANS

 Is the most common style of jeans. They have two back pockets, two front pockets and

 a 5th (coin) pocket inside the right front pocket.

THE 5th POCKET

 Strictly functional, it sits inside the right front pocket and justifies the term FIVE POCKET jeans.

 Also known and used as match, coin or watch pocket.

RAW DENIM

Raw denim or unwashed denim, is denim that has not undergone any of the usual washing and distressing processes.  

SELF-EDGE DENIM

Self-edge means that the out-seam is tightly bound, giving it a cleaner, more unique look.

This is made on shuttle looms from the 1940s.

JAPANESE (SELF-EDGE) DENIM

Japanese denim is considered by many to be the highest quality of denim available.

CHAIN STITCHING

 Pulls the denim at slightly different tensions on either side, causing the distinctive ‘roping’ that really shows the beauty of worn indigo-dyed denim.

 DIPS

Used to describe fabric or yarn when they are immersed in dye.

Indigo yarns are usually dipped in indigo bath six times.

SANFORIZATION

A pre-shrinking fabric process that limits residual fabric shrinkage.

 The process includes the stretching and manipulation of the denim cloth before it is washed.

RIVET

A metal accessory that is used for reinforcement of stress points.

 

TOP STITCH

A commonly used simple straight stitch.

YARN DYE

Refers to a fabric in which the individual yarns are dyed prior to weaving,

denim is a yarn dyed fabric. 

NATURAL DYE

Up to the middle of the 19th century there were only natural dyes and most

of these were of vegetable origin.

SHUTTLE

The device that carries the weft yarn across the loom in vintage shuttle looms.

Self-edge denim can only be woven by using a shuttle loom.